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Too much salt!
Posted by Davbmn on 02/01/07 at 08:44 PM
Western diet too high in salt for good health
The most common source of our sodium intake is SodiumChloride (table salt). Salt is the cheapest and most widely used preservative on the planet. We use it everyday to add flavor to our foods. Table salt is about 40% sodium. One tablespoon of salt contains 2300 mg of sodium. Sodium is an essential mineral or micronutrient which along with potassium helps to regulate the body’s fluid balance. Sodium is present throughout the body even in the blood.
The Western diet is very high in sodium. The average intake in the United States is between 4,000 and 5,000 mg of sodium per day. Which would translate to 10 - 12.5 g of salt.
The National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences recommends an approximate daily range of 1,100 to 3,300 mg of sodium for adults.The American Heart Association recommends that for every 1,000 Calories of food consumed, the sodium intake should be 1,000 mg and should not exceed the 3,000 mg limit. With the american diet rising in caloric intake, sodium intake is also rising well beyond reccomended limits for good health. Recomended levels of sodium for children have not been devised in the U.S., but eating habits are formed early so the less salt that a child gets at an early age the better. High sodium levels lead to many health problems.
Excess sodium intake is linked to: hypertension/high blood pressure and heart disease, fluid retention (oedema) and kidney stones. A high-sodium diet increases the need for potassium. Excessive sodium intake has also been linked to other conditions that are exacerbated by water retention, such as:
Excessive salt intake increases the amount of calcium excreted in the urine. This may contribute to osteoporosis and increased risk of fracture.
Sodium Diet Advice - Higher Sodium Foods to Avoid
• Smoked or cured meats like bacon, bologna, hot dogs, ham, corned beef, luncheon meats, and sausage.
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